The Canadian Special Crops Association Pulse and Special Crops Convention 2021 / Day 1
The GPC covered the CSCA’s Pulse and Special Crops Convention 2021 on September 8 and 9, 2021.
The first day’s sessions covered the container crisis and provided outlooks on both the dry bean and lentil markets. Missed the conference? Members can find our main takeaways for Day 1 below and for Day 2 here.
The Container Crunch
Christopher Welsh, an independent consultant, detailed the specifics on the container crisis and gave important insights into what structural factors have led to the current situation. The panel then discussed the ramifications on the industry.
- Three lines basically control the entire shipping industry. The global shipping market has become increasingly concentrated in the last ten years. Whereas 30 years ago there were about 100 shipping lines, that number decreased to 30 in the last ten years and there are now 10 that dominate the market.
- There are few signs of new entrants in the market, even with the rates so high. Barriers to trade are so high because the market is dominated by mega carriers.
- The three main shipping alliances have a 86-98% market share on the four main East-West liner trades
- This is due to the fact that the shipping industry receives exceptional exemption from competition laws eg. vessel sharing agreements.
- Shipping lines can adjust capacity allocation in line with changing demand but combined with high levels of demand, shipping rates are out of control.
Mr. Welsh offered some advice on how to enhance shipper leverage power:
- On the west coast of Canada, services for South America and Europe are being withdrawn and August vessels are rolling into September and October
- The backlog has still not subsided and it looks like new capacity will be available only from October onwards
- Shipping is a hand-to-mouth market currently: carriers are addressing the situation in front of them only and it’s very unpredictable.
- An anticipated ¼ of the normal volume will move through Vancouver
- People are encouraged to look for alternatives, have as many options as possible and spread things out across different ports
- Canadian shippers are advised to make sure they have the booking in hand before shipping. Preparation and communication are key
- Cargo is shifting from the west coast to the east coast of Canada and these ports will struggle to keep up with demand in the peak months ahead
- Capacity and investments have been built up over the past decade in Vancouver and in comparison facilities on the east coast are not equipped to handle large volumes
- Regardless of east or west, transit times are increased due to global congestion at major ports, which are seeing delays of at least 30 days. Cargo is being moved along non-traditional routes, making for longer journey times. Buyers should be buying well in advance
- The European commission and US Department of Justice have broken up some of the monopoly of big carriers and introduced smaller carriers into their markets
Dry Bean Market Outlook
Mr. Chuck Penner of LeftField Commodity Research gave an in-depth analysis of the dry bean market as it stands, in Canada and abroad, followed by a panel discussion.
- Compared to a record seeded area in Canada of just over 450,000 acres in 2020, this year’s acres dropped back to a more normal 370,000- 380,000 acres, according to StatsCan
- The crop insurance acres point to a 10% decline in total area with pintos, blacks and navies down 7%, 5% and 10% respectively - nonetheless sizeable acreage
- Production outlooks in West and East Canada looking very different based on the growing conditions so far this year
- Production for 20/21 is looking at around 325,000 MT, down 33% from last year’s high
- This last year, there was a strong start to exports, which were well above average in the 1st half but slower through the 2nd half
- Compared to the end of 2019/20, there were almost no supplies of dry beans in Canada or anywhere else
- Exports in the 1st part of the year had to wait for the harvest, which was followed by very high exports as buyers refilled their inventories
- In the last 4 months, things moved back to a more normal picture
- In the CY 20/21, there was a record export program just shy of 400,000 MT with blacks up 66%, pintos up 30% and naves down 1% compared to previous years
- With a crop of about 489,000 MT last year with 396,000 MT of exports and some imports, it’s looking like there was sizeable supplies in this last year. If this is the case, going into next year we’ll have comfortable supplies however this is not 100% because of price fluctuation
- Supplies might not be as tight as the production numbers would suggest.
- This year, planting of blacks was down 20%, navies 12% and pintos 19% in acreage from 2020, according to estimates from NASS and FSA in 2021. Even before any crop issues, we’re setting up for a smaller crop in 2021.
- The USDA crop weights were a little below 17 bags. By acreage, the condition of the crop is far worse than the last few years and definitely below average
- 30% of crops were rated below good/excellent. The Western producing states of North Dakota and Minnesota are the worst, with Michigan and Colorado looking better
- With lower acres and yields, we’ll see a drop of 29% in the US crop compared to 2020 with production estimated at between 1,800 and 1,900 lbs/acre and yield at around 1,700
- Bids for US beans are almost back at the highs of 2011
- Likewise for black beans, which have been lagging since 2016 but are now moving into premium product area
- Blacks are pushing above pintos and navies but the question is whether or not at those levels we will see indications of demand rationing
- Navies are also heading back up to the old highs of 2011/12, momentum is high
- The summer crop area has declined some. Early on, it was dry and the rains improved in July so the crops may not be hit quite as hard
- There will probably be a small decline with production estimated at around 750,000 MT
- Numbers from the Ministry of Agriculture are suggesting they could see a record dry bean production of about 750,000 tonnes
- This will help to supply some of the Latin American market, particularly Brazil
- Export pattern was starting to pick up in July and move higher, which is normal behaviour for now
- There has been a significant drop in both Canadian and US crops, with both lower acres and yields
- There are questions about seed size and whether drought conditions have influenced these
- Carry-over is a concern. If supply levels are at what initial numbers are suggesting, the upward price trend may be curtailed somewhat however market behaviour is contrary to the suggestion of significant carry-over from a lack of growers selling and the inability to fill bids, although this is partly a hedge against the drought concerns
- There is a good probability that the western production areas will contribute with an average to above average crop but the drought-affected areas will skew that average
- Farmer selling is limited, they are waiting to see if they can fill contracts
- Steady mexican crop and larger Argentine one will alleviate the Latin American demand somewhat
- Prices could subside after harvest but production numbers are still uncertain
Lentil Market Outlook
In this session, Marlene Boersch of Mercantile Consulting, gave a comprehensive analysis of the lentil market as it stands, followed by an informative panel discussion.
- This year started off with 4.3 million acreage outlook, which at average yields would give 2.6 million tonnes. As it is, we’ll be looking at 2 million tonnes coming from Canada
- Market sentiments: last year, the focus was on demand while this year it is the supply side that needs more scrutiny because of production problems
- Transport costs and availability play a much bigger role than last year. Lead times need to be considered more seriously as they can be potentially double, especially for destinations with more than one port involved
- Seasonalities for shipping might evolve differently because of availability issues and at some point buyers might shut off inquiries
- Price peaks could be reached earlier than previous years as people will focus on the acreage outlook for 2022
- Canada normally contributes 45% of the major producers’ lentil production and 50-64% of the export trade. This year production, share will fall to 37%
- The reduction in Canadian production will lead to short supplies for normal import countries, which will mean a reshuffling of supply patterns
- Big questions for Canadian farmers are how to maximise returns from a reduced crop, how does shortfall affect seasonalities and when have we reached near peak prices?
- Big questions for exporters are: how to best source the best volumes/quality, how will the shortfall affect buying patterns and which origins/crops will be substituted and at what level will demand turn off?
- The percentage of normal soil moisture across the prairies was very low
- 3 million total acres of lentils were seeded
- Red lentils have become predominant on the prairies
- Mercantile projected yields to be at 1,048 lbs/acre, down 30% from last year. StatsCan projections were 1,030 lbs/acre
- Overlaying precipitation maps on CD data, however, give even lower yields of 855 lbs/acreage
- Carry-in has fallen over the last several years to very low levels and there is no cushion expected
- Export this year will be determined by supply. The export potential is falling short and has been fuelling the higher prices. At best, export are estimated at 1.95 million tonnes, compared to 2.5 million tonnes last year
- Ending stocks are estimated at 80-100k tonnes
- Global production of lentils is down 20% from last year, a reduction of 1.3 million tonnes from 6.7 million last year to 5.4 million this year), and is down 2% from crop year 2019/20.
- Competing exporters for Canada are Australia, Morocco, Russia and Kazakhstan
- The biggest production reduction is in the US and Canada, compared to significant production increases in Morocco and Russia
Competition in the Canadian market: red lentils
- Canada is the main export producer, producing 1.6 million MT in 20/21, about 69% of the global total
- Canada’s export production is projected at about 1.45 million MT this year
- Australia is looking at a good crop of around 650k MT (mostly reds) and had a good crop last year of about 800k MT. Their new crop is coming in November and is mostly red lentils
- The US production is estimated at 200k MT
- Russia is predicted to have an export production of about 40k MT
Competition in the Canadian market: green lentils
- Canada is estimated to have a production of about 580k MT this year (large/med 440k, small 138k), compared to 730k MT of exports in the 20/21 season and this year exports are projected to be 530k MT
- The US’s export production is estimated at 250k MT
- Russia’s export production is estimated at around 60k MT
- Kazakhstan’s export production is estimated at around 50k
- Turkey re-exports green lentil imports from Canada to the Middle East and imports between 250 - 400k MT annually, of which exports average 350k MT
- There is an overlap with all the major importers for reds: India, Bangladesh, Turkey, and Egypt
- With both major suppliers lower in supply this year, those buyers will have to reduce their buying
- This year, the Canadian supply will be about 675k MT smaller than in 2020/21. The Australian demand is 150k MT less this year
- The potential demand will be impossible to fill for Canada. The volatility in demand because of the changing import policies from India, which has an effect on growers’ willingness to grow lentils and doesn’t help the stability of supply, is overlaid with the production difficulties and is fueling the price rationing that’s happening
- Given the production numbers, global supplies are expected to be lower than the 2016 levels and there were also substantial carry-ins in 2017 and 2018, which we don’t have this year
- Trade will have to drop by about 510k MT
- Ending stocks globally predicted to fall to below 200 MT
- Lower production and low contract production performance have put pressure on exporters to source and upward pressure on export offers, exacerbated by the high freight rates
- There is a much tighter supply than usual: importers are looking for potential alternative suppliers, which increases prices by alternate supplies (eg. in Australia this year)
- Smaller trade volume available: buyers seeking to cover needs early before supply worsens
- Smaller inferred usage: pressure to draw on own stocks as little as possible is already there and potentially will lead to buyers looking for alternative stocks
- Falling ending stocks is already putting pressure on next year’s balance sheet
- Little room to ease prices until next year’s acreages are defined
- Prices for the new crop will have to be good because other commodities are higher priced than previous years and there will be competition for acreage.
- Prices have responded most drastically this year where demand is based on edible usage, eg. durum wheat, lentils, peas
- Supply: Canadian production is down 30%, supply is down 23% and global production is down 20% as a result
- Trade: demand is robust, potential Canadian demand estimated at 2.45 million MT but export amounts estimated at 1.95 million MT
- Ending stock: projected to be at about 100k MT, 4% stock-use ratio
- Price outlook: very firm for both reds and greens. Price peak may come earlier than thought, depending on acreage outlook later in winter.
- Major concern is carry-out levels, which are at some all-time lows, and also competition for acres as we continue into winter
Canada / PSCC / Christopher Welsh / South America / Europe / Dry Bean / Chuck Penner / USDA / North Dakota / Minnesota / Michigan / Colorado / Black bean / Navies / Mexico / Argentina / Brazil / US / Lentil / Marlene Boersch / red lentils / green lentils / Australia / Russia / Kazakhstan / Turkey / India / Bangladesh / Egypt